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War, Peace, and Conscientious Objectors: Friends Manuscript Series


FMS, or Friends Manuscript Series, contains the personal records of individual Quakers. For example, D. Elton Trueblood’s personal papers. (As opposed to his college related papers, which would be housed with the college records.) FMS collections cover a wide variety of topics and include letters, photographs, clippings, genealogical material, artifacts, poetry, and anything else that an individual or family might create in their lifetime with enduring value. A member of the Archives' staff will be happy to assist you if you wish to study one or more of these collections.

Friends Manuscript Collections

Earlham holds several manuscript collections that are useful for the history of the war, peace, and conscientious objectors in the Midwest. They include:

FMS 1: Charles F. and Rhoda M. Coffin Collection, 1831-1919

Series VI includes a folder titled, "Civil War and Conscription".

Series XIV includes a folder titled, " Loose Pamphlets : Slavery and Quaker Attitudes toward it, War and Pacifism, Care of the Insane".

FMS 6: Homer and Edna Morris Collection, 1911-1951

This collection reflects Homer Morris’s career as an academic economist and longtime member of the Earlham College board, and especially the Morris’s work for the American Friends Service Committee. It contains class notes, correspondence, calendar book and publications as well as material pertaining to personal business, social justice issues, and the peace movement.

FMS 25: Francis W. Thomas Papers, 1860-1905

The Thomas Papers include diaries, correspondence, essays, and sermon drafts illustrating the concerns and tendencies of Indiana Friends in this period. The diaries span the years of the Civil War.

FMS 29: Barnabas C. Hobbs Papers, 1861-1904

The Hobbs Papers consist of correspondence and documents mainly reflecting Hobbs' trip to Europe in 1877-1878. Hobbs was sent to Germany and Russia with a message of peace and a request that the Mennonites not be forced to serve in the military.

FMS 34: Leland K. and Kathaleen Johnson Carter Papers, 1700-1994

The Leland K. and Kathaleen Johnson Carter Collection consists of correspondence, diaries, photographs, and genealogical material documenting the lives of a number of Quaker families in North Carolina, Ohio, Indiana, and Kansas in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The collection is especially valuable for Quaker settlement in Indiana, the Conservative Separation of the 1870s among Orthodox Friends, and the work of the Friends Reconstruction unit in France during World War I. The photographs illustrate the change of Quaker dress over the course of the nineteenth century.

FMS 38: Ernest E. Mills Papers, 1841-1986

The Mills Papers include material on genealogy, his efforts to obtain conscientious objector status during World War II, and his parents' peace work in Indiana Yearly Meeting.

FMS 51: Carpenter-Wright Family Papers, 1834-1910

The Carpenter-Wright Family Papers consist mainly of family correspondence between Walter and Susan Carpenter and Henry and Caroline Wright, with comments on Quaker affairs, life in Richmond, events relating to the response of Midwestern Quakers to the Civil War, and a reminiscence by Walter T. Carpenter of his travels in the South in 1863.]

FMS 52: Jay Beede Collection, 1942-1952

This collection consists of papers relating to Jay Beede's status as a conscientious objector in 1942 and 1950, miscellaneous clippings and articles, and a scrapbook documenting his trip to Oxford England in 1952 whern he attended the World Conference of Friends.

FMS 68: Virgil H. Kruel Collection, 1940-1947

Earlham College • 801 National Road West • Richmond, Indiana 47374-4095